Tips for Managing ADD/ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder, both inattentive and hyperactive type, is a neurological condition and can be inherited. Symptoms can include forgetfulness, distractibility, short attention span, lack of impulse control, fidgety behavior, and more. Symptoms are noticed before the age of 7, yet are typically problematic when a child enters school. These strategies that can help minimize the symptoms of ADD/HD.
1. Get organized: Keep homework and backpack in a particular area – and have your child pack up after homework is completed. Do homework in the same area daily, and check off completion of work in a daily homework planner. Check your child’s homework and planner. Keep a visible family planner and show everyone how to enter and check events. Children should give you all papers to sign at dinnertime or homework time. Encourage accountability and responsibility.

2. Nutrition: Protein is essential for good brain activity. Breakfast should include some type of protein, such as eggs, cream cheese, or milk. Carnation Instant Breakfasts are great tasting and have additional protein for your child. Daily vitamins and Omega 3 vitamins have shown improvements for some children – fish oil tablets are one source. Protein bars may be packed in lunches or used as snacks after school.

3. Schedule: Sleep and daily routine are critical. A snack and short break (30 minutes) before homework after school is a good start to the evening. Take breaks during homework to do chores and move around a bit. Dinner before 7 and then a winding down time after dinner will help a child feel prepared for bed. If homework takes more than a couple of hours – talk with the teacher. Most children need about 9 hours of sleep.

4. Encourage independence and identifying of difficulties: Let you child know they have attentional difficulties and how they in particular display them. Encourage them to be open and talk with you about problems. I.e., often times children with ADD/HD have trouble with working memory – or remembering detailed information and applying it (math, grammar). They can also have difficulty organizing thoughts for writing. Graphic organizers and other tools can be helpful. Teach them how to identify and talk about these issues.

5. Praise and recognition for timeliness, self-control, and responsible behavior are important. Find at least 3 things to praise your child specifically for each day.

6. Set Realistic Goals: If your child does part of a task correct, let them know. Set your expectations to be realistic so they can achieve success.

7. Offer forced choices: Many times parents get in power struggles over daily and even trivial things. If your child doesn’t want to eat eggs for breakfast, then offer 2 other choices such as, Carnation Instant Breakfast or Cereal and Milk with a protein bar. They have some control and you are offering options you think are good. This works for clothing and social activities too.

8. Teach Coping Skills: ADD/HD kids often have social problems and can feel anxious or depressed. We all need coping skills from time to time. Make sure your child knows how to calm down when angry, talk about their feelings and thoughts to others, assert themselves appropriately, brush off irritations and annoyances, and show interest in and compassion for others. These are essential to good social interactions. If your child has trouble using these skills, adapting them to situations, or seems anxious or depressed much of the time, it is good to talk to a professional. They can offer lots of ideas and your child will appreciate the space to express themselves.

9. Nurture Self-Esteem: Find one activity they like and are good at. Kids with ADD/HD often hear negative comments. Build self-esteem by finding activities that your child likes and that they are good at. Foster this by having them attend classes with other kids who like the same types of things. Scouting programs, sports, art camps, church groups are all great resources.

10.You are not alone: There are resources and groups for parents and kids so that you don’t feel alone. Contact your school counselor for resources at school for your child.



• Parenting Children with ADHD: 10 Lessons Medicine Cannot Teach. By Vincent Monastra, Ph.D.

• 10 Most Common Mistakes Good Parents Make. By Kevin Steede, Ph.D.

• The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook for Kids. By L. Shapiro, Ph.D. and R, Sprague

• : Chadd is a parenting resource for parents of kids with add/hd. Groups, speakers, events for parents

• : online resource for alternatives to medicine

• : American Academy of Pediatricians offers great advice and parenting newletters on ADD/HD and other topics.

Battling Backtalk: Five Tips Every Parent Needs

From Amy McCready, founder of Positive Parenting Solutions

Whether it’s a toddler’s defiant “No,” or a teenager screaming, “You can’t tell me what to do,” backtalk is enough to make any parent’s blood boil. What’s worse, it often seems our natural reaction to backtalk (“How dare you speak to me that way” or “You’ll do it because I said so, young lady!”;) only makes the problem snowball.

No one wants to raise a bratty kid, but it seems parents everywhere are battling backtalk. In fact, this is the number one behavioral issue sited by parents who contact me -– filled with frustration and wondering where they’ve gone wrong. Bill Cosby captured that frustration well when he famously joked, “I brought you into this world… I can take you out!”

So what can do we do to stop backtalk in its tracks? First, let’s look at the reasons behind it.


Why do kids talk back?
Kids talk back for a variety of reasons. They may be testing your limits or trying to get a reaction. Perhaps they’re hungry, tired or just having a bad day. However, if backtalk is frequent, it’s usually the child’s way of exerting his power and saying “You’re not the boss of me.”

We’re all hard-wired with a need for POSITIVE power -– the ability to have some control over our lives. When parents over-protect, over-demand, or constantly order, correct and direct their kids… they strip them of independence and personal power.

The only way our kids know to respond is to fight back. It’s a basic fight or flight response. They can’t easily flee (your food and shelter are way better than they can afford on their own), so they fight back with backtalk, attitude, negotiating, arguing, stomping away, eye rolling, etc.

All kids, toddlers through teens, seek to exert their independence -– it’s what they’re supposed to do. Our goal as parents is to foster their independence within our limits and without the back talk.


Here are five tips to help you reduce backtalk in your house.

Own your role: Power struggles that lead to backtalk are a two-way street and parents also play a starring role. Be aware of your day in and day out communication with your kids (and your spouse, for that matter!) Watch your tone of voice and minimize the amount of ordering, correcting and directing you do. No one wants to be “bossed around” all day and the natural reaction is to fight back.

Remember, it’s not about “winning” the battle. It’s about recognizing that your child needs more control over her life and helping her find ways to have positive power within your boundaries.

Fill the attention basket: Kids of all ages have an attention basket -– plain and simple. If they don’t get sufficient positive attention, they will use negative behaviors to provoke us until they get our attention. From their perspective, negative attention is better than no attention at all. Fill their attention baskets in positive ways by spending one-on-one time with your kids daily. It doesn’t have to be a long time – just 10 minutes when they have your undivided time and attention (if the phone rings, don’t answer… if your Blackberry chirps, let it go.) As you fill their attention baskets positively and proactively, your kids will become more cooperative and less likely to provoke power struggles.

Finding a spare 10 minutes to spend with each child can seem daunting in a busy non-stop life, but think of it as an “investment” in good behavior, a calmer home and less backtalk.

Give power to the people: Find ways to give your people the positive power they need. Provide more choices — within your family boundaries –- so they can have more control over their world. To a toddler, power means choosing between a Batman and Spiderman toothbrush. To a teenager, it can be allowing him to decide which restaurant the family goes to on Saturday night.

Chill out: Don’t overreact! Kids talk back to get a reaction. When you get upset and respond with “you will not talk to me that way, young man”, they score with a power payoff.

Instead, get eye to eye and very calmly say, “I feel hurt/disrespected when you speak to me that way. When I hear that tone of voice, I’m going to walk away. I’ll be happy to talk with you when we can speak to each other respectfully.”

Then – walk away! The next time it happens, don’t remind; don’t say a word. Just calmly walk away. It sends the message, “I won’t participate in this power struggle with you.”

Rule of law: Be very clear about the rules in your house and be equally clear about the consequences if the rules are broken. Then, if kids push the limits, follow through -– each and every time. Parents don’t have to be harsh or overly strict. They just have to set fair limits, communicate those limits clearly and be consistent in implementing consequences when appropriate.

Amy McCready is the founder of Positive Parenting Solutions and mom to two boys, ages 12 and 14. Positive Parenting Solutions teaches parents of toddlers to teens how to correct misbehaviors permanently without nagging, reminding or yelling.

For free training resources and additional information on backtalk, power struggles, whining, tantrums and more, visit:

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Coping with a Demanding Child

By Jody Johnston Pawel

Demanding behavior — from the time a child is about two to four a parent can usually expect to experience it. Occasionally children test limits in their attempts to separate from their parents as individuals, with preferences and ideas of their own. Parents should not, however, excuse such behavior as only a passing stage. A parent’s response to such bossiness may determine how long and how intense these battles last.

I’ve had many discussions with parents, individually and through the parenting classes and mother-at-home support groups I lead. I find many parents who are concerned about how to handle this behavior in their own child. I also heard many parents express concern about some of the problems that arose when the parent of a child’s playmate did not attend to this type of behavior. It started affecting their child’s behavior and the adult’s relationship with the other parent.

In an effort to reach some of the parents involved in this conflict, I combined what I learned through these discussions and my consultations with “the experts” via literature. I came to a better understanding about this common, irritating behavior and was able to suggest several ways for parents to approach a bossy child.



When I was working as a protective service caseworker, I made a home visit to a family with a four-year-old boy named David. David’s mother was frequently despondent, on medication for depression, and very passive. His father was often absent, slightly mentally retarded, and tended to physically punish (but not abuse) David.

David was a difficult to manage child but he mostly exhibited his demanding behavior and tantrums at home with his parents. At his grandparents, who cared for him frequently, David’s behavior was more acceptable. It was obvious that David was in control of his parents. When David didn’t get what he wanted, he would become so out of control his mother would eventually give in. Although she complained about David’s behavior, she said it was too hard to stand up to him. When she had tried to change her parenting approach David became destructive and defiant. When his mother tried to talk Davie out of his tantrums, his behavior became even more drastic. I observed him throwing and breaking things, yelling, and even urinating on the carpet to illustrate his protests and get his own way.

David’s example is extreme, but illustrates how passive pleading rewarded his demanding behavior. Many parents would say David was a spoiled brat who needed a good spanking — which his father tried, but it only made David’s bids for control increase. Others could probably see that a child like David — raised with inconsistent structure, guidelines, or consequences — can become determined to do whatever it takes to get more attention and control.

David’s case is clear evidence of what can happen when parents don’t set limits on a child’s demands. These parents were unable (due to physical problems and lack of skills) to give David the structure he needed. I’ve often wondered (and shuddered to imagine) what David will be like when he gets older and becomes more involved with peers and adults in the real world, where choices and consequences are the law of the land and people do not give in to him like his parents did.



Until a child is about two years old, parents can respond to a child’s emotional outbursts through distractions, reflective listening, and helping the child identify his/her feelings. Helping a child work through frustrations or walking away from a tantrum often results in an end to these outbursts. Demanding behavior can be an older child’s way of testing limits, can take many forms, and often comes on with little or no apparent reason.

There are actually some positive aspects to such strong-willed behavior in children. These children are often honest, speak up for themselves, and don’t let others push them around. They do not often succumb to peer pressure and are leaders rather than followers. Most parents would agree that they do not want their child blindly following orders from any adult who gives them. Keeping all this in mind we, as parents, can help these children learn how to channel their determination in a positive direction, rather than trying to break their will.



Even the most calm, easy-going parents can find themselves enraged and appalled when their child outwardly defies or challenges them. Many parents think to themselves, “My parents would never have allowed me to talk that way to them!” Many parents have conflicting feelings about how to respond to demanding behavior. They don’t want to let their child get away with the behavior but also don’t want to revert to some of the tactics their parents might have used, such as physical force or a because-I-say-so approach. Neither of these strategies results in long-term benefits, changing the behavior, or improving the parent-child relationship.

Physical force merely impresses the child with the importance of being in control and the child often uses this approach towards parents and peers later. Although the parent modeled this way of interacting, few recognize its role in perpetuating the power conflict.

The because-I-say-so approach often backfires, too. Children are in the process of developing logical thinking and when no logical reason is evident, they again interpret this strategy as an attempt to control them, thus escalating the power struggle.

At the other extreme, always giving a logical reason can lead to a parent going on and on with explanations. Children can capitalize on this by asking more and more questions to sidestep the real issue of their original defiant behavior. A parent should try to state their expectations only once or twice before following through.

If a parent interacts with his/her child courteously and with respect, the parent usually expects equal treatment from the child. Many parents strive for balanced child-rearing but implement it in such a way that they respect their children’s rights but allow themselves to get walked on. That is not balanced, it is more often called permissive. At the other extreme is the over-controlling parent, who’s uses power tactics to control the child but often fails to acknowledge the child’s feelings and preferences. In both cases the parents are missing a prime opportunity for allowing the natural and logical consequences of the situation to prevail.



In most cases, parents can respond to demanding behavior by refusing to respond until the child’s request is appropriate. What, you may be saying, if this approach is met with an even more demanding response, like a tantrum, yelling, or even destructive behavior? First of all, a parent can expect children to resist a change in parenting styles if the parent has allowed himself/herself to be ordered around in the past to avoid a scene.

These parents are experiencing the consequences of inadvertently rewarding the demanding behavior in the past. Now these parents are faced with what appears to be a battle of wills. The How-long-can-you-hold-out-if-I-act-even-worse game has begun. This sequence can lead into a demonstration of who has more power and control between the two (and often it is the child).

For example, we’ve all probably been in a situation at home where we hear “Give me some milk!” Sometimes we blindly get the milk without attending to the demanding tone of voice. Often a simple reminder to ask nicely is all the parent needs to say. However, a parent must be consistent for the child to realize he does not get what he wants by ordering people around. Another common situation is a child changing his mind and expecting the parent to be at his beckoned call.

In the example of mealtimes, if a child chooses his meal and then changes his mind and no longer wants it, the parent has every right to refuse to be a short-order cook! At this point the child has several choices:

He can eat what the parent fixed.

The child can eat something different if he fixes it himself, which is a logical consequence. (Even a two- or three-year-old can fix some foods.)

He can wait until the next meal and experience the natural consequence of hunger.

If the child fusses about being hungry, the parent can politely point out the child’s choice not to eat the food he/she requested. This is and example of consequences and mutual respect at work. The parent is not a villain starving his child! Parents are family members with equal rights not to be short-order cooks who cater to children’s whims!



The key for parents is to be willing to calmly follow through with consequences consistently. Down deep, children want guidance from parents because it communicates love. They can become discouraged and overly concerned with power if their parents don’t provide loving guidelines for living and model them consistently.

It is a disservice to children to protect them from some of the more uncomfortable consequences of their inappropriate behavior. It delays their life’s lessons and makes the inevitable ones harder to experience. As parents, we often want to protect our children from embarrassment and hurts. Many times we try to avoid conflict in our relationships, but this is not life. It is not our role to teach children to avoid life’s lessons. Instead, let them experience the lessons and be there to help guide them through it so they can learn something from it.



When dealing with demanding behavior in your child remember the following points:

Children and parents have rights and can assert these rights in respectful ways.

Parents are doing a disservice to themselves and to their child by giving in to demands to avoid a scene. Even if unintentional, this teaches the child that if his behavior gets severe enough he will get what he wants.

Always make sure you are modeling the kind of respectful communication you want your child to use; don’t keep a double standard. Acknowledge your child and show appreciation when he/she states something in a respectful way.

When your child does say something in a demanding tone of voice, reflect his/her feelings (“I understand you feel…”) before stating your expectation about how it should be said (“…but I expect you to tell me in a calm, polite way.”)

If parents allow the natural consequences of a situation to occur, the parent is not the one exerting the control, nature is. The parent can now face the situation calmly and from a detached position of presenting the child with his choices and then letting him experience the consequences of his choice.

Try to stick with choices within limits unless the behavior becomes even more unacceptable. When this happens, parents can shift the focus from the original issue to the behavior. The parent can present the child with a new set of choices. For example “You can calm down or we’ll leave.” Remember to focus on the behavior and not attack the child’s character.

Parents should be prepared to disengage and remove themselves or the child if the behavior escalates. Parents must be willing to leave a situation and trust that others will understand and respect their need to attend to the situation. Most people are supportive of a parent disciplining a child in a respectful way. Although some people would think this action would violate the parent’s right to enjoy an outing, one needs to remember that parental responsibilities do not end whenever it’s inconvenient for the parent to uphold them. The parent needs to remember the rights of others to exist in a peaceful environment and the child needs to learn that unacceptable behavior is unacceptable in all situations.

There are times when it is best to walk away from the situation and refuse to interact until the child’s behavior improves. A power struggle cannot occur with one person. Walking away is not giving in. Usually the child wants something from the parent, either some service or attention. Walking away will give the child nothing and will give him a chance to calm down and rethink his choice in the matter.

If the child has become destructive in the past, the parent can plan ahead by arranging a safe place for the child to go and discussing appropriate ways for the child to release angry energy away from others. Remember to tell the child specifically what behavior is acceptable rather than wording your statements in terms of “don’t”.

The middle of a tantrum is not the time to reflect feelings or try to talk a child out of being angry. That time has already passed and the child will now interpret these efforts as a denial of his feelings and he may escalate his behavior to convince the parent of how strongly he feels. Communication may be futile until the child calms down and may even keep the tantrum going by giving the child more attention for his behavior. Process what happened, the child and parent’s feelings, and the law of choices and consequences of behavior after the tantrum is over.

A parent’s goal is to immediately respond to demands with choices, consequences, and consistent follow-through to avoid power struggles and tantrums. If this is a new approach for a parent or if the parent’s consistency is new, the child will probably still have tantrums in response to this new approach. In fact, the child’s reactions may seem to be more extreme before it improves, because he is testing new limits. The child wants to see if the parent will react differently if embarrassed in public, if the child destroys things, or if the child loses control.

Just remember that this testing will be temporary if the parent is consistent with this new approach. Stick with it! If the parent maintains this game plan the child will eventually adjust and everyone will be happier with the new, more respectful ways of communicating.

The Parent’s Toolshop book briefly describes temperaments and summarizes some key suggestions for parents. For more detailed information about temperaments and strategies for nurturing each read Raising Your Spirited Child by Mary Sheedy Kurchinka (©1991, HarperCollins).


Jody Johnston Pawel is a Licensed Social Worker, Certified Family Life Educator, second-generation parent educator, founder of The Family Network, and President of Parents Toolshop Consulting. She is the author of 100+ parent education resources, including her award-winning book, The Parent’s Toolshop. For 25+ years, Jody has trained parents and family professionals through her dynamic workshops and interviews with the media worldwide, including Parents and Working Mother magazines, and the Ident-a-Kid television series. Jody currently serves as the online parenting expert for Cox Ohio Publishing’s mom-to-mom websites and also serves on the Advisory Board of the National Effective Parenting Initiative.


How is the Teenage Brain Different?

How is the Teenage Brain Different?

It appears that brain development takes a lot longer that once believed. At one time the consensus was that our brains were developed at around the age of 6 and didn’t do much growing after that. Now, after the NIH project that studied over a hundred teens in the late ‘90s, we know that teenage brains go through a reorganization of growing and pruning during adolescence and until the early 20’s.

Brain development moves from the back of the head, where very basic actions and reflexes emerge toward the front, where the frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex are involved in complicated thought processes. This important and area is responsible for problem solving, abstract thinking, risk assessment and planning, and impulse control.

Researchers have found that dendrites or receptor sites in the brains of teens are more sensitive to neurotransmitters like dopamine (pleasure seeking) and oxytocin (social rewards). These receptor sites have their antennae up or are alert for possible rewards or sensation seeking events. What Temple U found in a study using a video game to assess teen’s ability to make judgments based on risk, was that teens made very similar judgements as to those of adults, but only when they were playing the game alone. When another teen was in the room the results were different. Teens took more risks when they knew another teen was watching. It appears that the social perk of beating the game was more important than taking their time to come out ahead. Teens are wired to seek the social rewards.

Researchers concluded that risk taking, is not just a part of adolescence, but maybe the critical element that pushes kids to start something new, to move out of the house they grew up in, to meet more people and make new friends. It appears that risk taking is central in the development of who we are and who we want to be.

Brain activity hinges on Axons sending messages to Dendrites and as we get older the Myelin Sheath, a milky white substance helps those connections grow stronger. It works like muscle memory. The more we do something and repeat the action, the less we have to think about it. For instance, when we first learn to drive a car we have to think about everything from the ignition, to the mirrors. But after driving for years we can drive the whole way to work and not really remember how we got there! But when forming new connections the brain needs a little bravado to move and create new links. This is the growing and the pruning process of brain development in adolescence. It is awkward and mistakes happen. That is part of the growing and pruning. Those are the growing pains.

Youth is more willing to take risks because the brain is designed to encourage that for growth, adaptation and learning. That is not so say that it is not painful, for you or your child. Being aware of how the brain works helps us understand our kids better. And that leads to better relationships.


AD/HD Informational Sites Adult AD/HD Self-Report Scale

This easy to use scale looks at social situations and other indicators that you may have Adult AD/HD. Medications used for ADHD: Chart & Info.

Helpful information on dosage and side effects of the most prescribed medications for AD/HD. Greater Baltimore Chapter of CHADD

Parenting and support resources for parents of Children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder. National Resource Center for AD/HD

Information on the neurological basis of AD/HD, diagnostic information, parent support, behavioral screenings, medication, and treatments. A great website for parents and professionals.

Issues for Teens Teen Dating Violence Stats

The American Bar Assn. conducted a National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Initiative in 2006 and compiled current stats among teens. Signs of an Abusive Relationship

Look at the warning signs and suggestions on how to seek help if you think you may be in an abusive or destructive relationship. Healthy and Abusive Relationships for Teens

Tips for how to tell if you are in a healthy supportive realationship, as well as, signs that you may be in an abusive relatioship. Tips for getting outside help are included. Concerns around Cutting

Cutting and other Self-Injurious behaviors can be a sign that your teen is overwhelmed with emotions that they are not able to cope with. This article has information for teens and parents. Self-Injury Information for Teens and Parents

Excellent website with information for schools, counselors, parents, and teens. Handouts and other material from experts at Cornell.

Parenting Resources Parenting information for all ages

What’s your parenting style? Find out more information about parenting kids and teens at this user friendly website. Online classes and more! Childhood Anxiety

A wonderful site with helpful information on how to assess and intervene with childhood reactions to fear and anxiety. Best Practice for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Blog and informational site for parents and professionals. User friendly and good, solid information. What’s Your Parenting Style?

Take this online quiz to find out if you are an Autocratic, Permissive, or Active parent. Interesting information on Parenting Styles and how they effect our relationship with our children Bill Cosby Parenting Video

Laugh and enjoy! CoParenting Advise

Working with your ex to create a stable and loving parenting environment is critical to raising children who have healthy relationships with both parents.

Information on Teen Drug Use Help for Teen Drug Use

Helpful information on teen drug use and addictions. Teen Addicted to Cough Medicine

A powerful video depicts the ease and danger of using cough medicine to get high. A warning for parents and teens. Talking to your kids about drug abuse

This site offers information for parents and teens on drug abuse, how to talk about it with your kids, and information on how drugs effect the body and relationships. There are several links with helpful information.